“11 for ICAAP 11”: A Selection of Alliance India Posters at ICAAP (November 17-22, 2013, Bangkok, Thailand)

Alliance India is presenting a total of 31 posters at the 11th International Congress on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific (ICAAP 11) in Bangkok, Thailand, 17-22 November 2013. To mark the 11th ICAAP, below are a selection of 11 of our posters displayed in Bangkok that detail our work supporting community-based programming for people living with HIV (PLHIV), men who have sex with men (MSM), transgenders, hijras, sex workers and people who inject drugs (PWID), all key priorities to addressing India’s complex epidemic.

Paving the Pathway: PLHIV community consultations enhance national care and support programme in India


Factors Influencing SRH Service Uptake by PLHIV: Findings from the Koshish baseline study in India  


An Emergent Crisis: Addressing the Hepatitis C Epidemic in People Who Inject Drugs (PWID) in India


By the Community, For the Community: Involving PWID in Assessment of Drug-using Patterns Assessments


Identifying Access Barriers for Transgenders Seeking Gender Transition Services in India


Community-led Advocacy to Address SRH Needs of PLHIV: Experience from the Koshish programme in India


Service without a Smile: Pehchan study of the friendliness of HIV services to sexual minorities in India


Positive Rights and Sexual Health: A review of SRH laws and policies for PLHIV in India


Tracking Organisational Development of Sexual Minority CBOs in India Using Pehchan’s ‘CBO CyclePoster_Page_10

Power in Our Hands: Increasing involvement by sexual minorities in HIV programme oversight in India 


Promoting Entrepreneurship among Sex Workers to Reduce HIV Vulnerability in Andhra Pradesh


Alliance India at IAS 2013 Kuala Lumpur

The 7th Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention is taking place this week in Kuala Lumpur. India HIV/AIDS Alliance is participating in this year’s meeting, including presenting four posters on our work. Congratulations to our staff for this great achievement.

Understanding Barriers Faced by Transgender and Hijra Communities in India to Accessing Gender Reassignment Services


Not a ‘Minor’ Issue: Does HIV Prevention Programming Address the Vulnerabilities of Adolescent MSM and Transgenders under 18 Years?


Mixing Sex and Drugs: Socio-demographic Factors Associated with Sexual Risk Behaviour among PWID


Re-tooling Data Quality:  Implementation of an automated validation tool to improve data quality in large-scale HIV interventions for female sex workers under Avahan programme in Andhra Pradesh, India


Advocating for Cervical Cancer Testing for Women Living With HIV: Experiences from the Koshish Programme in India

Koshish_thumbSexual & reproductive health (SRH) services must respond to the specific needs of people living with HIV (PLHIV). Unfortunately, this is typically still not the case in India. PLHIV face barriers in accessing basic SRH services or have needs that go beyond mainstream services.

After almost two years of rigorous work, Alliance India’s European Union‐supported Koshish programme — named after the Hindi word for ‘effort’— has emerged as a strong initiative to support policies and strategies on SRH for PLHIV in India. Our new case study ‘Advocating for Cervical Cancer Testing in Women Living With HIV’ highlights these efforts to address the challenges that PLHIV face in fulfilling their SRH needs, in this case concerning access to Pap smear testing for women living with HIV (WLHIV).

WLHIV are more vulnerable to cervical cancer and as early detection can lead to improved survival, it is even more imperative to address cervical cancer risk as an advocacy priority, particularly through the promotion of Pap smear testing. In the programme’s four implementation states (Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Tamil Nadu), Koshish advocacy coalitions have prioritised prevention and early diagnosis of cervical cancer among WLHIV as a key advocacy agenda at state and district levels. The partners have initiated advocacy efforts to make Pap smear testing a mandatory part of the care for every WLHIV and, in doing so, expand its availability to all women.

Read more about this effort here.


India HIV/AIDS Alliance works closely with PLHIV in India through its Koshish programme which strengthens civil society organizations and networks that represent and work with PLHIV and other marginalized groups, such as MSM, transgenders, sex workers and IDUs, to effectively advocate for policies to improve the sexual and reproductive health and rights of PLHIV in India. This project is funded by the European Commission and is implemented in partnership with MAMTA, PWDS, VMM and CHETNA, along with state-level networks for PLHIV in Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat.

Transforming Identity: New Pehchan Issue Brief on Gender Transition Services in India

Sex Reassignment Surgery (SRS) and cross-sex hormonal therapy are two essential health services required for Male-to-Female (MtF) transgender people to help them align their bodies with their gender identity. Available evidence indicates a near lack of gender identity-related services in even tertiary-level government hospitals, and the offerings in private hospitals are typically unaffordable. This gap persuades many MtF transgender people to seek surgical services from unqualified medical practitioners and face a dangerously high level of complications and inadequate counselling and care.

As part of its advocacy efforts, our Global Fund-supported Pehchan programme documented the current situation for MtF transgender people in India with respect to their access to and use of health services related to gender transition. Based on this study, Pehchan has published a new issue brief, Transforming Identity: Access to Gender Transition Services for Male-to-Female Transgender People in India, which summarizes the research findings, describes barriers, and offers suggestions to improve access to these necessary health services.

Read the complete brief here.


The author of this post, Yadavendra Singh, is Senior Programme Officer: Capacity Building for Alliance India’s Pehchan Programme.

With support from the Global Fund, Pehchan builds the capacity of 200 community-based organisations (CBOs) for men who have sex with men (MSM), transgenders and hijras in 17 states in India to be more effective partners in the government’s HIV prevention programme. By supporting the development of strong CBOs, Pehchan will address some of the capacity gaps that have often prevented CBOs from receiving government funding for much-needed HIV programming. Named Pehchan which in Hindi means ‘identity’, ‘recognition’ or ‘acknowledgement,’ this programme is implemented by India HIV/AIDS Alliance in consortium with Humsafar Trust, PNRO, SAATHII, Sangama, and SIAAP and will reach 453,750 MSM, transgenders and hijras by 2015. It is the Global Fund’s largest single-country grant to date focused on the HIV response for vulnerable sexual minorities.

Avahan in Andhra Pradesh: Expanded Access and Increased Impact

ai_avahan_cover_low resAvahan India AIDS Initiative is a focused prevention initiative funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation that works in six states of India to reduce HIV transmission and the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in vulnerable high-risk populations—female sex workers (FSWs), men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgenders—through prevention education and services. The programme’s main components are condom promotion, STI management, behavior change communication, community mobilisation, and advocacy. Avahan also supports the creation of an enabling environment through individual and organisational capacity building to increase the effectiveness of the HIV response.

India HIV/AIDS Alliance is a state lead partner for Avahan in Andhra Pradesh. Alliance India’s efforts in the state have strengthened the capacity of NGOs and CBOs to implement quality HIV and STI programming in close partnership with the State AIDS Control Society (SACS) and in accordance with the National AIDS Control Programme.

Alliance India’s work with Avahan in Phase I covered 13 districts of the Telangana and Rayalseema regions in Andhra Pradesh and reached nearly 72,000 FSWs and MSM. Now in Phase II, Alliance India is transitioning programme activities to the state government as planned and supporting efforts to further strengthen community mobilisation with beneficiary groups to ensure sustainability of prevention activities under government support.

To learn more about our Avahan work in Andhra Pradesh, please download our brochure here.


The author this post, Dr. M. Ravikanth, is Documentation & Communication Specialist, India HIV/AIDS Alliance.

The Avahan India AIDS Initiative (2003-2013) is funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The programme aims to reduce HIV transmission and the prevalence of STIs in vulnerable high-risk populations, specifically female sex workers, MSM, and transgenders, through prevention education and services such as condom promotion, STI management, behavior change communication, community mobilization, and advocacy. Avahan works in six states, and Alliance India is a state lead partner in Andhra Pradesh.